History

History

The Second Division was formed in 1892 with 12 clubs, most of which had previously played in the Football Alliance (a rival organisation to the Football League).

The original members were: Ardwick (now Manchester City), Bootle, Burton Swifts, Crewe Alexandra, Darwen, Grimsby Town, Lincoln City, Northwich Victoria, Port Vale, Sheffield United, Small Heath (now Birmingham City), and Walsall.

In the early years, there was no automatic promotion to the First Division. The top teams in Division Two, including the winners, were required to play a series of “test matches” against the bottom teams in Division One, with the winner securing a place in the First Division.

Test matches were abolished in 1898 after Burnley and Stoke deliberately drew their test match 0-0, resulting in Burnley being promoted and Stoke being saved from relegation.

Grimsby Town, having finished bottom in 1919-20 were the first team to be relegated to the newly formed Third Division. For subsequent seasons, two clubs were relegated into either the Third Division North or Third Division South, depending on geographic location.

After the Third Division was reunified in 1958-59, the two clubs continued to be relegated until 1974 when three up / three down was introduced.

From 1987, the third promotion place began to be decided by a play-off involving the teams placed third to sixth.

Previous Winners

Football League Championship
2008/2009 West Bromwich Albion
2006/2007 Sunderland
2005/2006 Reading
2004/2005 Sunderland
Football League First Division
2003/2004 Norwich City
2002/2003 Portsmouth
2001/2002 Manchester City
2000/2001 Fulham
1999/2000 Charlton Athletic
1998/1999 Sunderland
1997/1998 Nottingham Forest
1996/1997 Bolton Wanderers
1995/1996 Sunderland
1994/1995 Middlesbrough
1993/1994 Crystal Palace
1992/1993 Newcastle United
Football League Second Division
1991/1992 Ipswich Town
1990/1991 Oldham Athletic
1989/1990 Leeds United
1988/1989 Chelsea
1987/1988 Millwall
1986/1987 Derby County
1985/1986 Norwich City
1984/1985 Oxford United
1983/1984 Chelsea
1982/1983 Queens Park Rangers
1981/1982 Luton Town
1980/1981 West Ham United
1979/1980 Leicester City
1978/1979 Crystal Palace
1977/1978 Bolton Wanderers
1976/1977 Wolverhampton Wanderers
1975/1976 Sunderland
1974/1975 Manchester United
1973/1974 Middlesbrough
1972/1973 Burnley
1971/1972 Norwich City
1970/1971 Leicester City
1969/1970 Huddersfield Town
1968/1969 Derby County
1967/1968 Ipswich Town
1966/1967 Coventry City
1965/1966 Manchester City
1964/1965 Newcastle United
1963/1964 Leeds United
1962/1963 Stoke City
1961/1962 Liverpool
1960/1961 Ipswich Town
1959/1960 Aston Villa
1958/1959 Sheffield Wednesday
1957/1958 West Ham United
1956/1957 Leicester City
1955/1956 Sheffield Wednesday
1954/1955 Birmingham City
1953/1954 Leicester City
1952/1953 Sheffield United
1951/1952 Sheffield Wednesday
1950/1951 Preston North End
1949/1950 Tottenham Hotspur
1948/1949 Fulham
1947/1948 Birmingham City
1946/1947 Manchester City
1938/1939 Blackburn Rovers
1937/1938 Aston Villa
1936/1937 Leicester City
1935/1936 Manchester United
1934/1935 Brentford
1933/1934 Grimsby Town
1932/1933 Stoke City
1931/1932 Wolverhampton Wanderers
1930/1931 Everton
1929/1930 Blackpool
1928/1929 Middlesbrough
1927/1928 Manchester City
1926/1927 Middlesbrough
1925/1926 Sheffield Wednesday
1924/1925 Leicester City
1923/1924 Leeds United
1922/1923 Notts County
1921/1922 Nottingham Forest
1920/1921 Birmingham City
1919/1920 Tottenham Hotspur
1914/1915 Derby County
1913/1914 Notts County
1912/1913 Preston North End
1911/1912 Derby County
1910/1911 West Bromwich Albion
1909/1910 Manchester City
1908/1909 Bolton Wanderers
1907/1908 Bradford City
1906/1907 Nottingham Forest
1905/1906 Bristol City
1904/1905 Liverpool
1903/1904 Preston North End
1902/1903 Manchester City
1901/1902 West Bromwich Albion
1900/1901 Grimsby Town
1899/1900 Sheffield Wednesday
1898/1899 Manchester City
1897/1898 Burnley
1896/1897 Notts County
1895/1896 Liverpool
1894/1895 Bury
1893/1894 Liverpool